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aHow does the political system work in your country?

贵国的政治制度怎样实施呢? 

bWe have hundreds of constituencies and the votes in each one elect a member of parliament. Most people call them mp’s.

我们有数百个选区,每个人都会投票选举议会的一员。大多数人称之为议员。 

aEach mp belongs to a political party, right?

每个议员都属于一个政党,对吗? 

bAlmost all of them do. A few are independent. That means that they do not belong to a party. If one party more than half of the mp’s. they form a government. That means that they choose a prime minister can cabinet members.

几乎都是这样。一些是独立的,他们不属于任何一个政党。如果超过一半的议员属于一个党派,那么该党就组成一个政府。他们选择首相和内阁成员。 

aWhat’s a cabinet?

什么是内阁? 

bThis is a small group of people-perhaps 25 mp’s who are usually ministers. They make all the big decision and discuss laws and policy.

它是由25个议员,通常是部长组成的一个小团体。他们协商做出重要决策,并且讨论法律政策的制定。 

aCan any mp make a law?

议员有权制定法律吗? 

bAny mp can present a law to parliament. The proposed law is debated and voted on. If it is accepted, it becomes law.

任何议员都有权向议会提出法律。这项拟议法律要通过辩论和投票。如果被接受,它将立为法律。 

aI suppose a proposed a law needs the support of the big political parties.

我认为一项被提议的法律需要得到多数党派的支持。 

bYes, it does, because they have most of the mp’s. most mp’s vote the way their party wants them to.

是的,确实如此。大多数议员都属于大党派,并且多数议员按照自己党派的意愿投票。 

aHow do people choose which party or candidate to vote for?

在给政党或者是候选人投票的时候,人们是如何选择的呢? 

bThey produce manifesto. These documents which states their policies. Some people just vote for the same party every time there is an election. Votes who often change the party they vote for are called floating voters.

他们发表宣言,向人们介绍他们的政策。在选举过程中。一些人每次就是投票给相同的政党。经常更换投票对象的选民被称为“流动选民”。 

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